Soil Mechanics courses tend to do a cursory treatment of engineering geology, and mine is no exception. This is due to time and curriculum limitations. This is a nice presentation on this subject, describing the various kinds of folds and how they relate to the strike and dip on geologic maps.
A salutary note at the end of Rutherford Aris’ Mathematical Modelling Techniques: When a model is being used as a simulation an obvious comparison can be made between its predictions and the results of the experiment. We are favourably impressed with the model if the agreement is good and if it has not been purchased […]Don’t Try to Predict Physics (or Much of Anything Else) Without a Model — Chet Aero Marine