Concrete and Grout in Geotechnical Structures

Concrete and Masonry

U.S. Army Field Manual FM 5-428
June 1998

This is primarily a training guide and reference text for engineer personnel using concrete and masonry materials in field construction. The manual has two parts: Concrete (Part One) and Masonry (Part Two).

  1. Part One covers the physical characteristics, properties, and ingredients of concrete; mixtures, design and construction of forms; and with reinforced concrete and field construction procedures.
  2. Part Two addresses the mason’s tools and equipment as well as the physical characteristics and properties of concrete blocks, bricks, and structural clay tiles. It further explains construction procedures and methods for these masonry units.

Impact Load Method for Structural Assessment of Piers and Bridges

George Warren and Ronald Shope
Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory TM-1851
January 1993

NCEL examined the Impact Load Method (ILM) to elicit a response from bridges and piers as a means of structural assessment. Stiffness changes were detected that were correlated to loss of structural function from material damage and deterioration. Parametric studies were performed on a one-third scale model pier and a highway bridge using finite element modelling that was verified by ILM tests. Studies showed that the ILM is sensitive to the loss of cross section in pier and bridge decks and well as to the loss of pile support.

Lateral Load Distribution in One-Way Flat Slabs

G.E. Warren and L.J. Malvar
Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory TR-935
May 1987–September 1990

Results of laboratory model tests, in-service pier tests, classical plate theory, and finite element analyses provide the basis for changes in Military Handbook 1025/1 addressing flat slab pier deck design to distribute truck crane outrigger loads. The concentrated load distribution efficiency of Navy pier slabs can be doubled over current AASHTO allowables. For pier deck designs where large, truck-mounted cranes dominate load requirements, this will result in higher load capacity, longer spans, and less construction material. Further, the verified effectiveness of lateral load distribution would almost double outrigger load-carrying efficiency of current Navy pier decks.

Materials Testing

Field Manual FM 5-472
AFJMAN 32-1221 (I)
1 July 2001 (Change 2)

Materials Testing Cover
To order this in print, click on the image above.

We also have the previous edition of this (FM 5-530) available for download here.

This manual provides the technical information necessary for military personnel to obtain samples and perform engineering tests and calculations on soils, bituminous paving mixtures, and concrete. These tests and calculations are required to achieve proper design with these materials and adequate control over their use in military construction. This manual covers soils, aggregates, bituminous cements, bituminous paving mixtures, Portland cement concrete, and stabilized soil including stabilizing agents such as bitumens, cements, lime, fly ash, and chemical modifiers. The manual gives detailed instructions for taking adequate representative test samples and step-by-step procedures for making physical properties tests and for recording, calculating, and evaluating the test results. The manual explains methods for designing bituminous paving mixtures and portland cement concrete and ways of stabilizing soil. It also gives the procedures and tests required to control the manufacture of these mixtures. The manual describes the tools and equipment for performing these tests and contains general instructions for the care, calibration, and use of test equipment.

Grouting Technology

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
EM 1110-2-3506
31 March 2017

This manual provides technical criteria and guidance for civil works grouting applications. Information on procedures, materials, and equipment for use in planning and executing a grouting project is included, and types of problems that might be solved by grouting are discussed. Methods of grouting that have proven to be effective are described, and various types of grout and their proportions are listed. The manual discusses grouts composed primarily of cementitious suspensions and additives, although other types are mentioned.

Sliding Stability for Concrete Structures

ETL 1110-2-256
24 June 1981

This report prescribes guidance, developed from presently acceptable structural and geotechnical principles, in the form of equations for evaluating the factor of safety of single and multiple plane failure surfaces under both static and seismic loading conditions. Basic considerations for determining shear strength input parameters for the analysis are discussed. Minimum required factors of safety are established for both the static and seismic loading conditions. Background describing the development of the previously used shear-friction and resistance to sliding design criteria for evaluating the sliding stability of gravity hydraulic structures, and the basic reasons for replacing the old criteria, are included in enclosure one. Example problems for single and multiple wedge systems are presented in enclosure two. An alternate method of analysis is discussed in enclosure three.


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