Concrete in Geotechnical Structures

Concrete and Masonry

U.S. Army Field Manual FM 5-428
June 1998

This is primarily a training guide and reference text for engineer personnel using concrete and masonry materials in field construction. The manual has two parts: Concrete (Part One) and Masonry (Part Two).

  1. Part One covers the physical characteristics, properties, and ingredients of concrete; mixtures, design and construction of forms; and with reinforced concrete and field construction procedures.
  2. Part Two addresses the mason’s tools and equipment as well as the physical characteristics and properties of concrete blocks, bricks, and structural clay tiles. It further explains construction procedures and methods for these masonry units.

Materials Testing

We also have the previous edition of this (FM 5-530) available for download here.

Field Manual FM 5-472
AFJMAN 32-1221 (I)
1 July 2001 (Change 2)

This manual provides the technical information necessary for military personnel to obtain samples and perform engineering tests and calculations on soils, bituminous paving mixtures, and concrete. These tests and calculations are required to achieve proper design with these materials and adequate control over their use in military construction. This manual covers soils, aggregates, bituminous cements, bituminous paving mixtures, Portland cement concrete, and stabilized soil including stabilizing agents such as bitumens, cements, lime, fly ash, and chemical modifiers. The manual gives detailed instructions for taking adequate representative test samples and step-by-step procedures for making physical properties tests and for recording, calculating, and evaluating the test results. The manual explains methods for designing bituminous paving mixtures and portland cement concrete and ways of stabilizing soil. It also gives the procedures and tests required to control the manufacture of these mixtures. The manual describes the tools and equipment for performing these tests and contains general instructions for the care, calibration, and use of test equipment.

Sliding Stability for Concrete Structures

Click on the title above to download

ETL 1110-2-256
24 June 1981

This report prescribes guidance, developed from presently acceptable structural and geotechnical principles, in the form of equations for evaluating the factor of safety of single and multiple plane failure surfaces under both static and seismic loading conditions. Basic considerations for determining shear strength input parameters for the analysis are discussed. Minimum required factors of safety are established for both the static and seismic loading conditions. Background describing the development of the previously used shear-friction and resistance to sliding design criteria for evaluating the sliding stability of gravity hydraulic structures, and the basic reasons for replacing the old criteria, are included in enclosure one. Example problems for single and multiple wedge systems are presented in enclosure two. An alternate method of analysis is discussed in enclosure three.

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